Monday, May 25, 2020
Nancy Pelosi, Congresswoman from Californias 8th District, is noted for her support of issues like environmentalism, womens reproductive rights, and human rights. An outspoken critic of Republican policies, she was a key in unifying Democrats leading to taking control of the House of Representatives in the 2006 elections. Fast Facts: Nancy Pelosi Known for:Ã First woman Speaker of the House (2007)Occupation:Ã Politician, Democratic Congressional Representative from CaliforniaDates:Ã March 26, 1940 - Born Nancy DAlesandro, the future Nancy Pelosi was raised in an Italian neighborhood in Baltimore. Her father was Thomas J. DAlesandro Jr. He served three times as Baltimores mayor and five times in the House of Representatives representing a Maryland district. He was a staunch Democrat. Nancy Pelosis mother wasÃ Annunciata DAlesandro. She had been a student in law school who did not complete her studies so she could be a stay-at-home homemaker. Nancys brothers all attended Roman Catholic schools and stayed home while attending college, but Nancy Pelosis mother, in the interest of her daughters education, had Nancy attend non-religious schools and then college in Washington, DC. Nancy married a banker, Paul Pelosi, after she was out of college and became a full-time homemaker while her children were young. They had five children. The family lived in New York, then moved to California between the births of their fourth and fifth children. Nancy Pelosi got her own start in politics by volunteering. She worked for the primary candidacy in 1976 of California Governor Jerry Brown, taking advantage of her Maryland connections to help him win the Maryland primary. She ran for and won the position of Democratic Party chair in California. When her oldest was a senior in high school, Pelosi ran for Congress. She won her first race, in 1987 when she was 47 years old. After winning the respect of her colleagues for her work, she won a leadership position in the 1990s. In 2002, she won election as House Minority Leader, the first woman ever to do so, after raising more money in that falls election for Democratic candidates than any other Democrat was able to do. Her goal was to rebuild the partys strength after Congressional defeats through 2002. With Republicans in control of both houses of Congress and the White House, Pelosi was part of organizing opposition to many of the administrations proposals, as well as organizing towards success in Congressional races. In 2006, the Democrats won a majority in Congress, so in 2007, when those Democrats took office, Pelosis former position as minority leader in the house was transformed into her becoming the first woman Speaker of the House. Family Father, Thomas DAlesandro, Jr., was a Roosevelt Democrat and three-term mayor of Baltimore, the first Italian American to hold that officeMother attended law schoolBrother, Thomas DAlesandro III, was mayor of Baltimore 1967-1971Nancy Pelosi and husband Paul have five children, Nancy Corinne, Christine, Jacqueline, Paul, and Alexandra.Nancy Pelosi began political volunteer work when her youngest began school; she was elected to Congress when her youngest was a senior in high school Political Career From 1981 to 1983, Nancy Pelosi chaired the California Democratic Party. In 1984, sheÃ chaired the host committee for the Democratic National Convention, held in San Francisco in July. The convention nominated Walter Mondale for president and selected the first woman nominee of any major party to run for vice president,Ã Geraldine Ferraro. In 1987, Nancy Pelosi, then 47, wasÃ elected to Congress in a special election. She ran to replace Sala Burton who had died earlier that year, after naming Pelosi as her choice to succeed her. Pelosi was sworn into office a week after the election in June. She was appointed to the Appropriations and Intelligence Committees. In 2001, Nancy Pelosi wasÃ elected minority whip for the Democrats in Congress, the first time a woman had held a party office. She was thus the second-ranking Democrat after Minority Leader Dick Gephardt. Gephardt stepped down in 2002 as minority leader to run for president in 2004, and Pelosi was elected to take his place as minority leader onÃ November 14, 2002. This was the first time a woman was elected to head a partys Congressional delegation.Ã Pelosis influence helped raise funds and win a Democratic majority in the House in 2006. After the election, on November 16, a Democratic caucus elected Pelosi unanimously to making her their leader, leading the way for her election by the full House membership on January 3, 2007, with a majority of Democrats, to the position of Speaker of the House. Her term was effective onÃ January 4, 2007.Ã She was not only the first woman to hold the office of Speaker of the House. She was also the first California representative to do so and the first of Italian heritage. Speaker of the House When the authorization for the Iraq war was first brought to a vote, Nancy Pelosi had been one of the nay votes. She took the election of a Democratic majority push for an end to an open-ended obligation to a war without end. She strongly opposed the proposal of President George W. Bush to transform part of Social Security into investments into stocks and bonds. She also opposed the efforts of some Democrats to impeach President Bush for lying to Congress about weapons of mass destruction in Iraq, thereby triggering the conditional authorization for war that many Democrats (though not Pelosi) had voted for.Ã The pro-impeachment Democrats also cited Bushs involvement in wiretapping citizens without a warrant as a reason for their proposed action. Anti-war activist Cindy Sheehan ran as an independent against her for her House seat in 2008, but Pelosi won the election.Ã Nancy Pelosi was re-elected as Speaker of the House in 2009.Ã She was a major factor in the efforts in Congress that resulted in passing President Obamas Affordable Care Act. When the Democrats lost their filibuster-proof majority in the Senate in 2010, Pelosi opposed Obamas strategy of breaking up the bill and passing those parts that could easily pass. Post-2010Ã Pelosi won re-election to the House easily in 2010, but Democrats lost so many seats that they also lost the ability to elect a Speaker of the House of their party.Ã Despite opposition within her party, she was elected as the Democratic Minority Leader for the next Congress. She has been reelected to that position in later sessions of Congress. Selected Nancy Pelosi Quotations Im very proud of my leadership of the Democrats in the House of Representatives and proud of them to make history, choosing a woman as their leader. Im proud of the fact that we have had unity in our party... We have clarity in our message. We know who we are as Democrats. Its an historic moment for the Congress, its an historic moment for the women of America. It is a moment for which we have waited over 200 years. Never losing faith, we waited through the many years of struggle to achieve our rights. But women werent just waiting, women were working, never losing faith we worked to redeem the promise of America, that all men and women are created equal. For our daughters and our granddaughters, today we have broken the marble ceiling. For our daughters and our granddaughters, the sky is the limit. Anything is possible for them. [January 4, 2007, in her first speech to Congress after her election as the first woman Speaker of the House] It takes a woman to clean House. (2006 CNN interview) You must drain the swamp if you are going to govern for the people. (2006) [Democrats] havent had a bill on the floor for 12 years. Were not here to whine about it; we will do it better. I intend to be very fair. I do not intend to give away the gavel. (2006 - looking forward to becoming Speaker of the House in 2007) America must be a light to the world, not just a missile. (2004) Theyll take food out of the mouths of children in order to give tax cuts to the wealthiest. (about Republicans) I didnt run as a woman, I ran again as a seasoned politician and experienced legislator. (about her election as party whip) I realized in over 200 years of our history, these meetings have taken place and a woman has never ever sat at that table. (about meeting with other Congressional leaders at White House breakfast meetings) For an instant, I felt as though Susan B. Anthony, Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady StantonÃ¢â¬âeveryone whod fought for womens right to vote and for the empowerment of women in politics, in their professions, and in their livesÃ¢â¬âwere there with me in the room. Those women were the ones who had done the heavy lifting, and it was as if they were saying, At last, we have a seat at the table. (about meeting with other Congressional leaders at White House breakfast meetings) Roe vs. Wade is based on a womans fundamental right to privacy, a value that all Americans cherish. It established that decisions about whether to have a child do not and should not rest with the government. A womanÃ¢â¬âin consultation with her family, her physician, and her faithÃ¢â¬âis best qualified to make that decision. (2005) We must draw clear distinctions between our vision of the future and the extreme policies put forward by the Republicans. We cannot allow Republicans to pretend they share our values and then legislate against those values without consequence. America will be far safer if we reduce the chances of a terrorist attack in one of our cities than if we diminish the civil liberties of our own people. Protecting America from terrorism requires more than just resolve, it requires a plan. As we have seen in Iraq, planning is not the Bush Administrations strong suit. Every American is indebted to our troops for their bravery, their patriotism, and the sacrifice they are willing to make for our country. Just as our soldiers pledge to leave no one behind on the battlefield, we must leave no veteran behind once they come home. (2005) Democrats did not connect well enough with the American people... Were ready for the next session of Congress. Were ready for the next election. (after 2004 elections) The Republicans did not have an election about jobs, healthcare, education, environment, national security. They had an election about wedge issues in our country. They exploited the loveliness of the American people, the devoutness of people of faith for a political end. Democrats are going to ban the Bible if they are elected. Imagine the ridiculousness of that, if it won votes for them. (2004 elections) I believe that the presidents leadership and the actions taken in Iraq demonstrate an incompetence in terms of knowledge, judgment, and experience. (2004) The president led us into the Iraq war on the basis of unproven assertions without evidence; he embraced a radical doctrine of pre-emptive war unprecedented in our history; and he failed to build a true international coalition. Mr. DeLays display today and his repeated ethical lapses have brought dishonor on the House of Representatives. We must be sure that every vote that is cast is a vote thats counted. There were two disasters last week: first, the natural disaster, and second, the man-made disaster, the disaster made by mistakes made by FEMA. (2005, after Hurricane Katrina) Social Security has never failed to pay promised benefits, and Democrats will fight to make sure that Republicans do not turn a guaranteed benefit into a guaranteed gamble. Were being governed by decree. The president decides on a figure, he sends it over and we dont even get a chance to look at it much before were called upon to vote on it. (September 8, 2005) As a mother and grandmother, I think lioness. You come near the cubs, youre dead. (2006, about Republican early reaction to reports of Congressman Mark Foleys communication with House pages) We will not be Swift Boated again. Not on national security or anything else. (2006) To me, the center of my life will always be raising my family. It is the complete joy of my life. To me, working in Congress is a continuation of that. In the family I was raised in, love of country, deep love of the Catholic church, and a love of family were the values. Anybody whos ever dealt with me knows not to mess with me. I pride myself in being called a liberal. (1996)Ã¢â¬â¹ Two-thirds of the public have absolutely no idea who I am. I see that as a strength. This isnt about me. Its about Democrats. (2006) About Nancy Pelosi Representative Paul E. Kanjorski: Nancy is the kind of person you can disagree with without being disagreeable. Journalist David Firestone: The ability to make merry while reaching for the jugular is an essential characteristic for politicians, and friends say Ms. Pelosi learned it from one of the classic political bosses and characters of an earlier era. Son Paul Pelosi, Jr.: With five of us, she was a car-pool mom for somebody every day of the week.Ã¢â¬â¹
Thursday, May 14, 2020
LetÃ¢â¬â¢s end the civil war Ã¢â¬Å"LetÃ¢â¬â¢s end the civil warÃ¢â¬ is an article, written in 1962 by Harry Golden a northern journalist. He wrote this article to highlight the Civil war centennial in the U.S. and the idea that the centennial committees in the whole of the south, which wanted us to believe that the civil war is not over. There are still participations in the reengagement of the civil war and some of the actors still hope that the civil war will be restored. Harry golden thinks that the Americans see the centennial more as a celebration of the civil war, than a centennial. And that is why one of the main themes in the article is misunderstanding. It is a misunderstanding between the south and their view of the centennial. He thinks thatÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This shows on the first line in the article (p. 119 ll.1-3) Ã¢â¬Å"There were more confederate flags sold during the first year of the civil war centennial (1961) than were sold throughout the South during the war itself (1861-6 5)Ã¢â¬ the reason why he wrote this in his article, and why I put it in the beginning of the article is because he wantÃ¢â¬â¢s to make it clear to the reader that Southerners were participating more during the centennial than, the actual war. On p.120 ll.38-41 and p. 121 ll. 1-2 Golden writes; Ã¢â¬Å"once they take the capital, they can force upon the supreme court the decisions that will restore the old plantations, the crinolines, the dueling pistols, the house on the hill with smoke coming out the chimney at twilight and little Sambo rolling in laughter under the magnolia, Ah what a dreamÃ¢â¬ first of all, this is sort of provocative written, that the slaves whom he refers to as Ã¢â¬Å"SamboÃ¢â¬ (which is a bad world for slaves) that they would lay under the magnolia tree laughing like they were free. Because that is how many Southerners might think, the slaveÃ¢â¬â¢s felted like and that they are enjoying their lives like if they were a free person. He writes this to make the Northern realize how the Southerners might think of the slaves, and the make them realize that the Southerners want to go back to the Ã¢â¬Å"goodÃ¢â¬ old days, where it was legal to owning your own slave. All in all, Golden is trying to wake up the AmericanShow MoreRelatedThe American Abolitionists Book Review Essay1214 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages18century in the course of the Civil War and the elimination of slavery in 1856. American Abolitionists book focuses on the American Abolitionists who struggled to end slavery and advocated for equal rights for all African Americans in the United States. Harrold mainly focuses his book on the abolitionist movement and the effect of slaves on its expansion. The book uncovers how abolitionist fought for the end of slavery and how they contributed to the coming of the Civil War. Abolitionist movements ledRead MoreCompare And Contrast The Gettysburg Address And I Have A Dream Speech1065 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"When we allow freedom to ring -when we let it ring from every city and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s children...will be able to join hands and singÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ This is the, slightly shortened, end quote of the famous I Have a Dream speech by. The Gettysburg address was a major turning point in American history for the topic of slavery. Martin Luther King Jrs I Have a Dream speech assisted in this Civil Rights movement. But, the question isRead MoreWho Is The American Civil War?1245 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe American Civil War, their first thought is usually about how the Union and Confederacy fought over whether man should or should not have the right to own slaves. While this issue was the main cause and the biggest factor that led to the American Civil War, it is not the only cause or factor. In Jeffery DixonÃ¢â¬â¢s article, What Causes Civil Wars? There are two other big issue that cause counties to go war against each other. Those two other issues are; economy and geography. Civil Wars are fought overRead MoreRhetorical Analysis Of Abraham Lincoln s Speech860 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshis second term in presidency, and his second addres s attending to a divided and strained nation. As the Civil War marched closer to resolution the American populous wished for someone or something to blame: A target to vent the pains of the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s conflict, yet instead of condemnation of either side Lincoln offered the concept of inclusion: neither wished for and was responsible for the war, ergo both were liable for restoring it together, united as one nation instead of two. Throughout the speechRead MoreAmerican History : The Civil War1138 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWar makes us what we are. It changes our lives and makes our past into the future. One of the most important events in American history was the Civil War (1861 to 1865). The Civil War changed thousands of lives and our nation. At the beginning the Civil War, it divided our country but at the end of the Civil War, it brought our country back together recreating the United States. Ã¢â¬Å"But the Civil War defined us as what we are and it opened us to being what we b ecame, good and bad things. It was theRead MoreAbraham Lincolns Second Inaugural Address877 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesas a United Nation, should reflect on the effects of the Civil War and move towards a better future for this nation. He addresses God and the issue of slavery in order to encourage the Northern and Southern states towards reconciliation. Lincoln tries to reveal his intention by utilizing figurative diction, parallel syntax, and a shifting tone. Abraham Lincoln uses figurative and euphonious diction to encourage reflection on the Civil War to the people of Northern and Southern United States. FirstRead MoreEssay African Americans in the Civil War 504 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesOnce let the black man get upon his person the brass letter, U.S., let him get an eagle on his button, and a musket on his shoulder and bullets in his pocket, there is no power on earth that can deny that he has earned the right to citizenship. --Frederick Douglass African-Americans in the Civil war were not treated with respect. They were slaves to white people, and to me thats not right. During the Civil war they worked on plantations owned by rich white people. Some were nice and someRead MoreAbraham Lincoln s Second Inaugural Address1070 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesStates. The inaugural address came at the very end of the American Civil War, and just a month before the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. Prior to this address, the United States had been split into two different independent states, the Union and the Confederacy. Throughout Abraham LincolnÃ¢â¬â¢s first term and the very beginning of his second, Lincoln had to deal with the secession of the eleven states that made up the Confederacy. Also during the war, Lincoln competed in the 1864 presidential electionRead MoreThe American Civil War, Wars, And Rumors Of Wars1183 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe American Civil War Wars, Wars and rumors of wars!!!! Everyone knows the United States has had its fair share of wars. Let me start by giving you a brief list of wars the United States has participated in according to Wikipedia. Both Ã¢â¬Å"Barbary Wars (1801-1805, 1815-1816), Wars of 1812, Mexican-American War (1846-48), American Civil War (1861-65), Indian War (1865-91), Spanish-American War( 1898), Philippine-American War (1899-1902) Border War(Mexican Revolutionary)1910-1919, World War I (1917-18)Read MoreJulia Howe s Song The Battle Hymn Of The Republic879 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthat warns people to refrain from oppressing others because God s wrath will befall them if they fail to repent. Therefore, the song has two interpretations. Firstly, the song encourages those in war that GodÃ¢â¬â¢s glory is amidst their military camps, which implies that God is on their side. When she says Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦let us die to make men freeÃ¢â¬ (Howe, 1917), she is encouraging those fighting to continue the figh t to save their fellow man, since God will help them triumph over their enemies. Secondly, she talks
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Lexie Helmert Mrs. Farmer Comp II 4 March 2015 Imagery of Women. Ã¢â¬Å"The connection between and among women are the most feared, The most problematic and the most potentially transforming force on the planet.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬âAdrienne Rich. For many years Adrienne Rich was one of the most influential writers of the feminist movements. She is also known for her use of political issues in her poems. She considers herself a socialist because Ã¢â¬Å"socialism represents moral values Ã¢â¬â the dignity and human rights of all citizensÃ¢â¬ (Daily News). In one of her poems, Ã¢â¬Å"Necessities of life,Ã¢â¬ Rich focused on death. Adrienne Rich got a negative reaction to her earlier poem Ã¢â¬Å"Snapshots of a Daughter-in-LawÃ¢â¬ which was her first overly feminist poem (Marilyn Hacker) and thought she had failed, so she focused on death in her next poem Ã¢â¬Å"as a sign of how erased she felt when her own sense of coming into rightful subject matter and voice was deniedÃ¢â¬ (Deborah Pope). The poem Ã¢â¬Å"Snapshots of a Dau ghter-in-LawÃ¢â¬ is a feminist poem. Ã¢â¬Å"Snapshots of a Daughter-in-LawÃ¢â¬ portrays Adrienne RichÃ¢â¬â¢s theme of feminism through her use of diction and imagery. Ã¢â¬Å"Snapshots of a Daughter-in-LawÃ¢â¬ seems to be a sonnet sequence because of the shape and structure of many of the sections (Marilyn Hacker). It does not exactly follow the form though. The line counts of the 10 sections are: 13, 12, 14, 10, 3, 16, 7, 9, 21, 14. The title of this poem is actually confusing to most. While many readers would look at this title and think itShow MoreRelatedAdrienne Rich : A Literary Pioneer For American Women During The Contemporary Era1492 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAdrienne Rich was a literary pioneer for American women during the contemporary era. RichÃ¢â¬â¢s career spanned 60 years and she is most famous for her inspirational poetry that advocated for women. As an author, wife, mother, and Jew, RichÃ¢â¬â¢s work encompassed the many prejudices that women face. Wendy Mar tin wrote, Ã¢â¬Å"Her work explores the experience of women who reject patriarchal definitions of femininityÃ¢â¬ (Martin 550). Adrienne RichÃ¢â¬â¢s feminist upbringing inspired her poem Ã¢â¬Å"Snapshots of a Daughter-In-LawRead MoreAnalysis of Diving Into the Wreck813 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesare detailed and paint a picture for the reader. A poem that really stands out is Diving Into the Wreck by Adrienne Rich. Rich is a well known poet born 1929 in Baltimore, Maryland (Milne). She is a very influential poet in the subjects of feminism and the rights of women. RichÃ¢â¬â¢s literary work was released in the early 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s which was a trivial and controversial time in the rights of women. Her poem, Diving Into the Wreck is descriptive and at first glance it seems like many basic poems one mayRead MoreEveryday Use By Alice Walker1102 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesis seen as being priceless. Adrienne Rich, poem Ã¢â¬Å"Aunt JenniferÃ¢â¬â¢s TigersÃ¢â¬ can be read similar to Alice Walker s short story Everyday UseÃ¢â¬ both are compared by the womenÃ¢â¬â¢s ways of showing their strengths and how they identify their values, expressions and strength. Advertised in the general outlines of the plot, both literary themes talks of a quest for freedom, the characters identity and self-expression. Adrienne Rich Ã¢â¬Å"Aunt JenniferÃ¢â¬â¢s TigersÃ¢â¬ Alice Walker Ã¢â¬Å"EverydayRead MoreAdrienne Rich And Aunt Jennifers Tigers And The Darkling Thrush1377 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesworth knowing are Adrienne RichÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"PlanetariumÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Aunt JenniferÃ¢â¬â¢s TigersÃ¢â¬ and Thomas HardyÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"The Darkling ThrushÃ¢â¬ . The first poem that I believe is worth reading is Ã¢â¬Å"PlanetariumÃ¢â¬ , by Adrienne Rich. In RichÃ¢â¬â¢s poem, Ã¢â¬Å"PlanetariumÃ¢â¬ , the poem is about a 98-year old woman, who finally decides to join the fight for equality for women and acknowledges that she doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have much time left before she dies, so she is going to make her left over time count for something, by encouraging women to fight for equalityRead MoreAdrienne Rich - Diving Into the Wreck813 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAdrienne RichÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Diving into the WreckÃ¢â¬ sends one into a deep cultural descent. We look a one ones exploration into the rift in society between sexes, and the journey to rewrite that. The three parts that symbolize this are: the book of myths, the camera and the knife, the diverÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship with the wreck and the cargo found below. The journey starts on a boat; the diver is alone and there not by choice but the need. The dive feels an obligation to free women from these myths, to Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦heal theRead MoreAnalysis Of The Poem Twenty One Love Poems By Adrienne Rich1782 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages Adrienne Rich was a highly acclaimed twentieth-century poet who railed against war and the injustices in the world, and also used imagery that spoke tenderly of loveÃ¢â¬âfeelings that she sensed were both highly individual for her, but also universal. Ã¢â¬Å"Twenty-One Love PoemsÃ¢â¬ were written between 1974-1976 to her lover of the time, and they track the course of the relationship through the sweet beginning stages, the development of mature love, and all the way through to its dissolution due toRead MoreAnalysis Of Aunt Jennifers Tigers By Adrienne Rich1374 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe poem Ã¢â¬ËAunt JenniferÃ¢â¬â¢s TigersÃ¢â¬â¢ by Adrienne Rich was written in 1951 while she was struggling to est ablish herself as a female poet in a male-dominated artistic sphere. The poem focuses on Aunt JenniferÃ¢â¬â¢s role as a wife in the patriarchy of mid-twentieth century society, and how she, like many women, had little of her own. Their lives were defined by the marriage, and as few women had their own income most were completely dependent on their husbands. The poem focuses on the physical lack of powerRead More Emily Dickinson and Adrienne Rich Essay2741 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesEmily Dickinson and Adrienne Rich The modernist period, stretching from the late 19th century to approximately 1960, is a very distinct phase in the progression of American literature, employing the use of novel literary techniques which stray away from the traditional literary styles observed in the time preceding the period. Modernist writers explore new styles themes, and content in their compositions, encompassing issues ranging from race (Kate Chopin) to gender (H.D.) to sexuality (JamesRead MoreEssay on A poem and a loaded gun1111 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswrote 1800 poems in her lifetime. She has become known for unfolding the social boundaries surrounding women in this time period. Most of her life was shrouded in seclusion and mystery. In the realm of poetry, authors are creative with their usage of literary techniques in order to illustrate their point of view to the reader. Emily Dickinson is especially known for her precise diction, powerful imagery, and obscure timing or rhythm. In her poem Ã¢â¬Å"My life had stood Ã¢â¬â A loaded Gun,Ã¢â¬ she is heavily dependantRead MoreLandscape Essay717 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesgrandiosity of landscapes that make an experience most memorable, but the symbiotic relationship between people and landscapes which evokes self-reflection and personal enlightenment. Alain De BottonÃ¢â¬â¢s epistemological text The Art of Travel (2002) and Adrienne RichÃ¢â¬â¢s feminist poem Diving into the Wreck (1973) infers that, rather than a destination for transitory experience, landscapes are a holistic process that acts as a catalyst for the growth of self-identity and introspection. Ultimately, both texts
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Time Context Ã¢â¬â October 20, 1972 (History and start of the experience of the company under martial law) 2. View Point Ã¢â¬â Mr. Eduardo B. Olaguer (Chairman of the Board and CEO) 3. Major Policy Statement The Philippine Journalist Inc. , is a publishing company of group of journal such as PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s journal, Journal Tonight etc. it is known for local and international standards in publishing journals, and aims to equal other company not only locally but also to other parts of the world by the following years to come. 4. Current Operational Policies Management Ã¢â¬â As what the case shows, Poor management that resulted in many problems for the company especially in the event of the Martial Law. b. Marketing Ã¢â¬â The PJI is a company known for publishing different kinds of journal, which is why advertising is not a big issue that need to be discussed. Well in their case, because of the martial law perhaps this was the greatest hindrance to the future plans of the company. c. Finance Ã¢â¬â From the history of the company, it has shown the poor level of stocks of the company. This is mainly because of the Martial law that resulted to much more problems such as: unavailability of stocks, no transfer of book and no stock certificates were issued at that time. d. Operations Ã¢â¬â The operations of the business was normal ever since the martial law started. Publishing different journals not only locally but also internationally. e. Human resources Ã¢â¬â The company shows basic information about the structure of a business enterprise that compose the top, middle management and the rank and file. Statement of the Problem Ã¢â¬â How will the PIJ resolve the DBP loan exposure and what are the steps to be undertaken to prevent things like this to happen again? 6. Statement of Objectives a. Short-term objectives i. To be able to balance the assets of the company that will suffice to its liabilities ii. To solve the negative book value of some particular shares iii. To adjust the style of the management in handling situations specially about the stocks and lease issues b. Long-term objectives i. To elucidate the DBP loan exposure ii. To prosecute Mr Benjamin Romualdez for what he has done iii. To lessen the liabilities and maximize revenues and assets 7. SWOT Analysis a. Strengths i. It is Known for publication of different local and international journals ii. It is a well-established company in the industry of printing press which is widely known in the country iii. Capability to set standards that is accepted in the international community b. Weaknesses i. Poor management of the entire company ii. Lack of forecasting that lead to many unforeseen expenses iii. Cannot allocate properly the resources of the company c. Opportunity i. Positive credibility from the public ii. Ability to come back from the losses incurred and solve the DBP loan exposure iii. Continuously function of the business d. Threats i. Unable to completely manage the assets which leads to higher liabilities ii. Actions of the government which may lead to foreclosure of the business iii. Negative aura caused by the DBP loan exposure to both the public and private sector (e. g. banks) 8. Alternative courses of action a. Evaluation of the current situation of the company: its position in the market, assets and liabilities and structure of management to see the problems and solve it step by step. b. Lessen any more loans to be able to pay the current problem such as DBP loan exposure c. Give importance to the DBP loan exposure and keep other things in bay to solve it asap 9. Analysis of Alternatives By extensive evaluation of the company, it can understand what are the things that needs to be change or improve for the betterment of the business and be able to solve all the current problems of it such as the DBP loan exposure b. This will mitigate the possibility to gain more liabilities and be able to concentrate on paying the current loans of the company c. This can be the best solution for the company because all of this thing evolve on that problem the DBP loan exposure 10. Decision statement Ã¢â¬â ACA 1 a. The in-debt evaluation can be the beacon to the development of the business and even solve the biggest problem of the firm. 11. Proposed operational plans a. Management Ã¢â¬â Open the company for a new set of employees to gain the manpower which can help I solving the problems of the business b. Marketing Ã¢â¬â Continue to pursue high standards to pool more revenues that may be used for the debt and development of the company c. Finance Ã¢â¬â For the mean time mitigate any loans that the company plans on doing to concentrate all the assets and revenues to the DBP loan exposure . Operations Ã¢â¬â As a publishing company, production output is very important which is why increasing the capacity of the firm while maintaining its cost is the best way to generate more income and this will result to increase market share of the company. e. Human resource Ã¢â¬â These resources are very important in some business. Specifically in this business which handles the decision making (also became the reason of the DBP loan exposure), oversee of the entire operations of the company (top management) and maintaining the standards of the journals (rank and file) 12. Implementation program With the use of ACA 1 it can help the business get back on its feet from the DBP loan exposure and other problems. Also, the proposed operational plans can be of help in mitigating any future problems and development of the business if followed and carefully implemented. 13. Other recommendation and conclusion a. Continue to pursue and understand the ACA 1 for being the best solution to solve the problems of PJI Inc. b. For the interest of both the government and the PJI, continuous transparency will help in preventing any misunderstanding that can cause more problems.
Friday, April 10, 2020
Olympic Games The Olympic Games, an international sports competition, are held once every four years at a different site, where athletes from different nations compete against each other in a wide variety of sports. There are two classifications of Olympics, the Summer Olympics and the Winter Olympics. Through 1992 they were held in the same year, but beginning in 1994 they were rescheduled so that they are held in alternate even-numbered years. For example, the Winter Olympics were held in 1994 and the Summer Olympics in 1996. The Winter Olympics were next held in 1998 in Nagano, Japan, while the Summer Olympics will next occur in 2000 in Sydney, Australia. The Olympic Games are administered by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), which is headquartered in Lausanne, Switzerland. The IOC was created in Paris in 1894 as an independent committee selecting its own members but "to begin the process, however, Coubertin himself chose the first 15 members"(White 60). IOC members are officially considered to be "representatives from the IOC to their own nations, not delegates from their own countries to the IOC"(White 65). Most members are elected to the IOC after serving on the National Olympic Committees (NOCs) of their own countries. The first IOC members were all from either Europe or the Americas, with the exception of one representative from New Zealand. Currently, members from European and North American countries still account for a majority of the IOC membership. IOC members must retire at the end of the year in which they reach the age of 80, unless they were elected before 1966, in which case they can serve for life. The IOC oversees such functions as determining the site of the Olympic Games, the establishment of worldwide Olympic policies, and the negotiation of Olympic television broadcast rights. The IOC works closely with the NOCs and with the International Amateur Athletic Federation (the international governing body for track and field), and other international sports federations (ISFs) to organize the Olympics. The ISFs are responsible for the "international rules and regulations of the sports they govern"(Gary 22). The IOC president, who is chosen by IOC members, is assisted by an executive board, several vice presidents, and a number of IOC commissions. The IOC's first president, Demetrius Vik?las of Greece (served 1894-1896), was succeeded by Coubertin himself (1896-1925). The other IOC presidents have been Count Henri de Baillet-Latour of Belgium (1925-1942), J. Sigfrid Edstr?m of Sweden (1946-1952), Avery Brundage of the United States (1952-1972), Michael Morris, Lord Killanin, of Ireland (1972-1980), and Juan Antonio Samaranch of Spain (1980-) . In order to host the Olympics, a city must submit a proposal to the IOC, and after all proposals have been submitted, the IOC will vote. If no city is successful in gaining a majority in the first vote, the city with the fewest votes is eliminated, and voting continues with successive rounds, until a majority winner is determined. Typically the Games are awarded several years in advance in the hopes of allowing the winning city adequate time to prepare for the Games. In selecting the site of the Olympic Games, the IOC considers a number of factors, mainly among them is which city has, or promises to build, the best facilities, and which organizing committee seems most likely to stage the Games effectively as well as efficiently. The IOC also considers which parts of the world have not yet hosted the Games. For instance, Tokyo, the host of the 1964 Summer Games, and Mexico City, the host of the 1968 Summer Games, "were chosen in part to popularize the Olympic movement in Asia and in Latin America"(Gorman 69). Because of the growing importance of television worldwide, the IOC in recent years has also taken into account the host city's time zone. Whenever the Games take place in the United States or Canada, American television networks are willing to pay significantly higher amounts for television rights because they can broadcast popular events live, in prime viewing hours. Once the Games have been awarded, it is the responsibility of the local organizing committee-not the IOC or the NOC of the host city's country-to finance them. This is often done with a portion of the Olympic television revenues and with corporate sponsorships, ticket sales, and other smaller revenue sources, such as commemorative postage stamps or proceeds from a national lottery. In many cases there is also some direct government support. Although many cities have achieved a financial profit by hosting the Games, the Olympics can be financially risky. Montreal, Canada, for example, spent a great deal of money preparing
Monday, March 9, 2020
Dramatic Irony in the Pardoners Tale Essay Example Dramatic Irony in the Pardoners Tale Paper Dramatic Irony in the Pardoners Tale Paper Essay Topic: Dr Faustus Literature Both Dr Faustus and The Pardoners Tale seek to offer comprehensive views on both Christianity and its moral values. A particular emphasis in both texts is placed upon sin, and both the two eponymous characters, as well as the societies in which they live, seem to be incapable of halting their sins, or indeed redeeming them. Both Chaucer and Marlowe explore the theme of sin through several passages, one of which they have in common being their title characters. In The Pardoners Tale, the Pardoner is shown immediately to be a dishonest character with very few moral values whatsoever. Chaucers use of somewhat grotesque simile in his mere description makes us feel uneasy, with his hair as yellow as wax hanging down like flax. Later, when we are introduced to the principal aspects of his character, we find that he is dishonest, scheming and self-obsessed to the core. Moreover, he commits what the medieval world thought the greatest sin of all in that he is so proud of it. He tells us quite openly that his intentions are nought but to win [money], and nothing for correction of sin, and delights in recounting to the pilgrims how he is able to dupe his congregations into buying his pardons. The Pardoners sin is presented very effectively to us as readers, in exactly the same way that the Pardoner goes about his sinful acts, through his powerful oratory, and given that when The Canterbury Tales was written, poetry was designed to be read aloud and heard, this presentation of sin becomes even more appropriate. Marlowe makes use of a similar technique in Dr Faustus to show off his characters greatest sin, which also happens to be pride. The medium of drama lends itself probably best of all to exposing a characters shortcomings through their own words and actions, and this is exactly the image Marlowe gives us of Faustus. We first see Faustus arrogance in the opening scene, when he tells us that his common talk are sound aphorisms, and his self-important nature soon leads him to succumb to the chance to become a mighty god by the conclusion of the play. However, unlike Chaucer, Marlowe does not present Faustus as being a character wholly drenched in sin. Faustus is far more wavering, and indeed has many occasions in the play where he is unsure about what he is doing. This leads the audience to develop a somewhat sympathetic relationship with Faustus, which is totally different from our condemnation of the Pardoner. Faustus seems totally unsure in his own head what to do: I do repent, and yet I do despair, but his pride eventually becomes his downfall, as even after Mephistopheles warned him of his frivolous demands, Faustus pours scorn over him, telling him to learn of Faustus manly fortitude. The cruel irony that Marlowe gives us here is that though Faustus many be all-knowing in mortal terms, unlike Mephistopheles he has seen neither heaven nor hell, and therefore knows nothing of the latters true torment. The characters of the Seven Deadly Sins are physically portrayed in Dr Faustus. Mephistopheles conjures devils masquerading as each of the sins to present to Faustus. This is generally accepted by critics as Marlowes shorthand way of introducing the Deadly Sins into the play without adding numerous extra scenes detailing the incorporation of all the sins into Marlowes deeds. They are typical of a device often used in Elizabethan theatre, and would have been dressed grotesquely in such a way to extract laughter from the audience. This is somewhat contradictory, as making the sins into a joke may serve to lessen their potential to be a warning to Faustus to change his ways. However, considering firstly that Faustus sees them as a joke also (in any case he has no true belief that Hell actually exists at all), and secondly the words of the sins, they become a very useful symbolic device in the play. Through their self-description, we can link many of the sins traits to similar ones of Faustus. Pride, for example, has an arrogance that leads him to reject the place into which he has been born, having disdain for any parents. This is very similar to Faustus desire to escape the world of mortal knowledge. Covetousness tells us of its sweet gold: Faustus too tells us of his desire to heap up gold in the opening scene of the play. Thus, there are many warning signs for Faustus in the pageant, but whilst the audience may pick up on them, Marlowe makes sure the dramatic irony is effected by making Faustus oblivious to any of them. The Pardoner, on the other hand, is far from oblivious of his sin, but sin itself is portrayed in a rather different way by Chaucer. Rather than have the sins parade to him, the Pardoner details personally what he considers to be the worldly sins to the pilgrims. This creates the additional irony when the audience discovers that the Pardoner himself is guilty of all of them. Were The Pardoners Tale simply a sermon, an audience would perhaps not take it seriously, given that the Pardoners hypocrisy makes his words lack any true conviction or seriousness. However, the part-Parabolic nature of the tale itself brings a new element of meaning into the sins of The Pardoners Tale. The characters in the tale are described simply as three rioters, and the tale is clearly one of morality: The Pardoner does not focus on their deaths at the end of the tale, simply skating over the fact that they had him slain, and that anon, not getting drawn into the violent details but keeping the overall message of morality going. We know the Pardoner is only doing this in an attempt to make the pilgrims meekly receive his pardon and bag him a profit, but nonetheless the tale can be taken a lot more seriously than the Pardoners sermon given its uncanny resemblance to one of Jesus Parables. Both authors also seek to further the point that sin comes about by the devil taking advantage of ones personal weaknesses. In The Pardoners Tale, the Pardoner tells us that the fiend, our enemy put the idea of poisoning his fellows into the mind of the third reveller, which goes someway to absolving the third reveller of his sins because it was not his fault, but the devils. One possible reading of the character of the Old Man is that he is the devil in disguise, sat at the stile; the crossroads ready to lead the three men down the wrong path. This too would lessen the blame of the revellers for pursuing their sinful cause, although their treatment of the man and their desire for the gold are still both faults of their own. This idea of lessening the blame is also used by Marlowe in Doctor Faustus. All through the play, it is clear at points when Faustus starts to doubt the path he has chosen, Mephistopheles will conjure up a cheap trick to distract his interest. In addition, Mephistopheles explains to us when we first meet him that the reason he has come to Faustus is that when we hear one rack the name of God, Abjure the Scriptures and his Saviour Christ, we fly in hope to get his glorious soul. This element of alleviating blame is crucial in Doctor Faustus, and pivotal to its success as a play, because shifting an element of the responsibility for Faustus sins onto Lucifer allows us to empathise with Faustus, an emotion that would be otherwise impossible to justify. Similarly, we are able to empathise with Mephistopheles as he tells us that he is tormented with ten thousand hells and asks Faustus to leave his demands. It is clear from the language Mephistopheles uses in this passage in Act I, Scene III, that he still has an element of human nature about him. He conveys a sense of emotion and pain that we are able to relate to, in a way that we cannot with, say, Lucifer, as we never get to hear such intimate thoughts of his. Mephistopheles sin is also mitigated by the fact that he lives in hell due to conspiring against our God with Lucifer. The fact that it was Lucifer who committed the mortal sin, and Mephistopheles just a fringe party to it, again allows us to blame Lucifer for part of Mephistopheles fate. Despite some contemporaries and critics believing Marlowe to be an atheist, he nonetheless, along with Chaucer, presents a view typical of contemporary English belief that the devil is responsible for the sins of man. However, both authors go beyond this and suggest that the religious system itself is inwardly sinful, or at least not concerned with the plight of wider society. In Dr Faustus, the Papacy is displayed as greedy and gluttonous, concerned only with dainty dishes and who took the meat. The stupidity of the dirge also highlights the incompetence of the Church, and seeks to mock the general state of Catholicism. In fact, given the era in which the play was written, this may merely be an innocent satire, government-pleasing anti-Catholic propaganda, but even so within the context of the play it raises an important point: are the forces of good on the side of God really any better than Faustus and his path of evil? In most of the play, good and evil are kept very distinct, with Faustus Good Angel and Bad Angel consciences. However here, they become merged, and therefore it becomes more difficult to measure Faustus sins. In The Pardoners Tale, we do not suffer this problem. The Pardoners hypocrisy actually clarifies good and evil all the more because he is so outrageous that we can spot the irony that the good path of life he forwards is not the one he takes. Chaucer also attempts a satire at the Church system, because the Pope and cardinals are in on the Pardoners game. The Pardoner has come from the Court of Rome and he later tells us that he has been given pardons by the Popes hand. This gives us the impression that the Church, as well as the Pardoner, is using peoples fear of their own sins and retribution to make money. Human sin is a key strand of thought throughout both texts, and both authors present it in ways that invoke entirely different emotional responses from their audiences: Marlowes invitation of empathy and sorrow is entirely contrasted by Chaucers effect of comedy and farce. However, both in their own ways still leave a message of morality, and their different presentations of sin both contribute heavily to the audiences need for self-reflection after seeing or hearing the text.
Saturday, February 22, 2020
The Impossibility And Importance Of CSR - Case Study Example CSR also happens when a corporationÃ¢â¬â¢s business operations (as in the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s policies and actions) are integrated with social values, specifically the stakeholdersÃ¢â¬â¢ interests.Ã Usually, it focuses on three things: the social, the financial and the environmental facets of the corporationÃ¢â¬â¢s interactions. It actually has a triple bottom line: people, planet, and profit. CSR involves two main concepts: transparency and accountability. To be accountable is not only to become accountable in terms of the corporation. It also means to be accountable in terms of to its personnel. They have to have the right wages, incentives and working conditions. Of course, they should also be accountable in terms of protecting the culture, environment and the economy of the community. Thus, the corporations of today are expected to perform well not only in financial and management areas but also in areas like business ethics, corporate contributions, community development, diversity, human rights and other workplace issues. With CSR, every companyÃ¢â¬â¢s environmental and social performances are proportional with their financial performance.Ã CSR also happens when a corporationÃ¢â¬â¢s business operations (as in the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s policies and actions) are integrated with social values, specifically the stakeholdersÃ¢â¬â¢ interests.Ã Usually, it focuses on three things: the social, the financial and the environmental facets of the corporationÃ¢â¬â¢s interactions.Ã¢â¬â¢s interactions. It actually has a triple bottomline: people, planet and profit. CSR involves two main concepts: transparency and accountability. To be accountable is not only to become accountable in terms of the corporation. It also means to be accountable in terms of to its personnel. They have to have the right wages, incentives and working conditions. Of course, they should also be accountable in terms of protecting the culture, environment and the economy of the comm unity. Thus, the corporations of today are expected to perform well not only in financial and management areas but also on areas like business ethics, corporate contributions, community development, diversity, human rights and other workplace issues. With CSR, every companyÃ¢â¬â¢s environmental and social performances are proportional with their financial performance. As mentioned earlier, transparency is important. Now, corporations are expected to communicate their thrusts, projects and policies that affect their employees, as well as the community and the environment. Current global companies that show transparency are proven to be more financially successful as these factors contribute immensely for a sustainable financial growth. Currently, the investors are now making significant efforts to curb their carbon footprints to enhance their positive impact to the community. These companies are more sensitive to the fact that their company can actually have an impact to the society, and that they are/can be actually socially accountable, as well as environmentally accountable. As an incentive, the stakeholders are rewarding the companies who are indeed making efforts to contribute to the societyÃ¢â¬â¢s well-being. However, the biggest criticism comes from Milton Friedman, saying that CSR is a paradox and a complete irony, not to mention impossible. Milton Friedman is an American economist who was a recipient of the Nobel Memorial Prize for Economics for Ã¢â¬Å"his achievements in the field of consumption analysis, monetary history, and theoryÃ¢â¬ . He thinks that corporations cannot have responsibilities as CSR entails that businesses have Ã¢â¬Å"social responsibilitiesÃ¢â¬ . As corporations are only artificial entities, logically, they also have artificial responsibilities but of course, even a business cannot have a responsibility. Sure, businesses are owned by responsible people, and corporations have business executives who have values. These business executives may take part in a social movement, perhaps join a medical mission to help those in need. They may have other responsibilities that they took on their own, like their family, their church or even their country. With these responsibilities that they have taken in, they also put in their own money (which they earned from working in the corporation). Because in these respects he is not working as an agent for the company, he is acting on his